* 3200-2600 BCE Earliest true forms of writing develop in Egypt and Sumer.
* 3174 BCE Estimated birth of Noah
* 3114 BC The Year 0.0.0.0.0 of the Mayan calendar begins in August
* 3000-2400 BCE Often referred to as the Bronze Age, when modern civilization began to emerge. This is also the time period most attributed to the reign of Huang-ti of ancient India, the fabled Yellow Emperor and author of The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Medicine (Neijing Suwen).This tome makes reference to martial applications and is regarded as the written foundation for what is now known as Chinese Medicine.
* 2574 BCE Estimated time of the World Flood. Note: consider the high rate of birth of the time, if family population tripled every 20 years (equal to each family producing 4 children in 20 years), within 300 years there could easily be 100 million people … more than the population of Europe in the 17th Century AD.
* 2222 BCE Estimated birth of Abram, later to be known as Abraham, patriarch of Arab and Israel nations. Noah and his son, Shem, are still alive, although Noah dies two years later. Abraham has developed an elite combat team of his day, 318 men raised in his own tents. This denotes cultivated training, martial arts.
* 2136 BCE Ishmael, Abraham’s first son is born. He becomes father of the 12 Dukes who in turn were founders of the Arab Nation. Ishmael was noted early on as a master archer. Archery has long been noted as a martial art. Japan recognizes archery as a belt-ranked martial art system along with swordsmanship, ju jutsu and karate.
* 1700-1100 BCE India’s Dhanurveda makes reference to martial arts. Vajramushti, of the Kshatrya Sect of India, can be traced as far back as 1000 BC and has been referenced in the Buddhist scripture, Lotus Sutra.
* 1582-1462 BCE Estimated lifespan of Moses. Raised as an Egyptian Prince for forty years, he would have been groomed in the military. References of Moses and his hand-to-hand skill would identify him in today’s terms as a martial artist.
* 1539-1075 BC Egyptian height of power during their New Kingdom Era. They had a highly sophisticated military system with well a well trained infantry.
* 1250-1180 BCE Lady Fu Hao is one of the earliest named exponents of martial art skill in China.
* 1022 BCE Estimated time building of Solomon’s Temple begins, “… in the 4th year of Solomon’s reign …” 1 Kings 6: 1, 37
* 648 BC Pankration, a Greek form of boxing mixed with kicks and grappling, is introduced to the Olympic Games.
* 6th Century BC Lao Tzu is credited with writing, or compiling, the Tao Te Ching and laying the foundation for Taoism.
* 587 BCE Invasion of Nebuchadnezzar, capture of Jerusalem, destruction of Solomon’s Temple, disappearance of Ark of the Covenant from history.
* 535 BC The religion of Buddhism begins with Siddhartha Guatama Buddha in India, who loathed religion.
* 500 BCE Shintoism begins in Japan.
* 475-221 BCE Chin-Na, a grappling system with much emphasis on acu-points and muscle rending techniques, emerges during the Warring States Period in China.
* 469-399 BC Socrates, the famous Greek philosopher from Athens and instructor to Plato, was a highly skilled soldier and wrestler. He is recorded as having thrown Alcibiades, who was noted for exceptional strength, for interrupting his discourse.
* 332 BC Alexander the Great conquers Egypt. Beginning of Greco-Roman Era.
* 197 BC Roman Empire begins.
* 4 BCE Estimated time of Christ’s birth.
* 2 BC A new star appears in the constellation Virgo
* 1 BC – 1 AD Turn of the Gregorian Calendar … no zero year.
* 25-317 AD Buddhism is introduced to China.
* 31 AD Estimated time of Christ’s execution, resurrection, and ascension.
* 39-92 AD Pan Kuo wrote six chapters of hand fighting in the Han Book of Arms.
* 110-207 AD Estimated lifetime of Hua-T’o, a Taoist surgeon who performed surgery, acu-puncture, moxi-bustion, and developed the Five Animal Frolics (combined movements of ape, bear, bird, deer, and tiger), considered a predecessor to T’ai Chi and later absorbed into that art.
* 313 AD The Edict of Milan is declared and the Roman Empire recognizes Pauline Christianity as a valid religion.
* 350 AD Pope Julius 1st declares Christ was born on December 25.
* 380 AD Roman Catholicism becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire.
* 395 AD Fall of the Roman Empire after 591 years.
* 495 AD Emperor Yuan Hong (Xiao Wen) gives an Indian Buddhist monk (Buddhabhadra) land on the northern foothills of the Wuru summit, of Shao shi mountain, northwest of Deng Feng city, at Henan Province, where he built the 1st temple to become known as Shaolin. Buddhabhadra preached Theravada Buddhism, which taught liberation by purifying self of all defilements and desires.
* 527 AD Another Indian Buddhist, Bodhidharma (also Damo, or Tamo), reportedly born to a warrior class, therefore an adept in martial combat, arrived at the Shaolin Temple to teach Mahayana Buddhism, a form of teaching that includes deep meditations and search for insight. He found a group of people who had gone to such an extreme of liberating their desires they had become very sickly. Bodhidharma is held to have developed three sets of exercise and health standards referred to as Muscle Change Classic , Marrow Washing Classic, and 18 Hands Classic.
Improtant Note: There is no record Bodhidharma created any kind of martial art. What he started was a form of Buddhism which became known as Zen.
* 9.3.590-3.12.604 AD The reign of Gregory I, first pope to use the title Pontifex Maximus (greatest high priest).
* 603 AD The first mention of the Ryukyu (Okinawan) Islands by the Chinese.
* 618-907 AD It is during the Tang Dynasty of China martial arts and warrior monks are first mentioned.
* 627 AD Construction begins on the Wudang Temple Complex (where Bagua and T’ai Chi are developed).
* 790-1100 AD Age of the Vikings.
* 960 AD Development of Emperor’s Long Fist Kung Fu is attributed Emperor Tai Tsu, a student of Shaolin.
* 10th Century AD Emergence of the Samurai class as well as the arts of Shinobi-Jutsu (known today as Ninjutsu) and Ju Jutsu. Ju Jutsu is the Samurai’s empty-hand form of combat and is believed to trace back to Chinese Chin-Na. Shinobi-Jutsu also appears to trace back to China.
* 10th-14th Centuries AD Much oceanic trade among Asian countries. Transmission of Chinese martial arts to Japan, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and Korea.
* 12th Century AD The name, Aiki, is used as a preface for a specific kind of ju jutsu with emergence of Takeda-Ryu Aiki-Jutsu.
* 1177-1279 AD Chinese General Yeuh Fei is attributed to developing twelve exercises from the Shaolin 18 Hands Classic for his army. This is eventually condensed to the 8 Pieces of Brocade.
* 1200-1261 AD Time of the 3rd Crusade. References to Robin Hood are first made.
* 1247 AD Estimated birth of Chang San-Feng, attributed founder of T’ai Chi. He trained with the Shaolin until becoming disgusted with the extreme external training regimen. He then relocated to Wudang and embraced Taoism. In 1459 his name is recorded as having become one of the Immortals.
* 1320-1850 AD Little Ice Age.
* 1336-1600 AD Shinobi-Jutsu and the Samurai reach their peak of prominence.
* 1372 AD Formal trade is established with Okinawa and China.
* 1392 AD 36 families from Fukien China move to Okinawa in a cultural exchange. They bring Fukien Kung Fu with them.
* 15th-18th Centuries AD On Okinawa, Fukien Kung Fu influences the development of Okinawan Te.
* 1453 AD Renaissance Period begins.
* 1480 AD Spanish Inquisition.
* 1582 AD Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar.
* 1620 The Mayflower lands at Plymouth Rock.
* 1645-1715 AD Global Famine.
* 1662-1722 AD Wing Chun is said to have been developed by a woman, Ng Mui. Some stories list her as one of the Shaolin 5 Elders.
* 1683-1760 AD Lifetime of Peichin Takahara, one of Okinawa’s great masters of the art, Te.
* 1733-1815 AD Lifetime of “Tode” Sakugawa, born in Shuri of Okinawa and became one of the most influential Martial Artists in history. He began training in Te with Peichin Takahara and continued with the Chinese Master Kusanku (also Kushanku, Ko Sokun, and Kung Shang K’ung). Sakugawa would blend his teachings and formulate Tode. Translated China Hand, Tode would later gain the pronunciation Karate. He is also credited with developing the kata, Kusanku, and laying the foundation for Shorin-Ryu, modern karate’s oldest style.
* 1764 AD The Spanish have conquered to islands they renamed the Philippines and have forbidden practice of their indigenous combat art.
* 1776 AD Declaration of Independence of the United States against Great Britain.
* late 1700’s AD Development of Hung Gar Kung Fu, a Fukien style, is attributed to the legendary Hung Hei Gun.
* 1797-1889 AD Lifetime of Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura, recognized as one of the dominant Okinawan Instructors of the 19th Century. If Sakugawa laid the foundation of Shorin – Ryu, then Matsumura built the walls. Many styles have arisen from the Shuri style of Martial Arts taught by Matsumura. Records hold he met, fought, then befriended a Chinese Master named Chinto. He developed a powerful kata named for Chinto emphasizing deep, Chi Gong breathing. Matsumura also developed Seisan, Passai and Gojushiho kata.
* 1820 AD Yang Lu’Chan (1799-1872) begins study of T’ai Chi with Ch’en Chang-hsing and founds the Yang Family T'ai Chi system.
* 1831-1915 AD Lifetime of Yasutsune “Anko” Itosu, regarded by many traditionalists as the Father of Modern Karate. Although he trained with others, Soken Matsumura was his principle Instructor. Recognizing the need for more fundamental levels of Kata, Itosu developed the Pinan Kata from the foundation of Kusanku. The Pinan Kata, also called Heian, are still the Foundation Kata for most styles derived from the Shuri/Shorin – Ryu arts. Around 1905 he became involved in a local school system in Okinawa and developed the methodology for teaching Martial Arts which is still practiced today.
* 1836 AD Choy Li Fut Kung Fu, a powerful combat form of kung fu blending Northern and Southern styles, is founded by Chan Heung.
* 1847-1924 AD Life time of Wong Fei Hung, credited as the best of Hung Gar instructors. It is he who choreographed the Five Animal Form which includes tiger, dragon, crane, snake and leopard.
* 1859-1943 AD Lifetime of Takeda Sokaku,known as the founder of Daito-Ryu Aiki-Jutsu.
* 1861-1865 AD American Civil War.
* 1868-1957 AD Lifetime of Gichin Funakoshi, a student of Itosu on Shuri. Funakoshi was invited to travel to Japan in 1922 and stay at Kano’s Kodokan. He desired to teach a new kind of karate emphasizing spirituality. He attempted to make many changes which were not approved of by Japan and the Dai Nippon Budoku Kai. His successors arranged Shotokan into the art we see today. Funakoshi is recorded as receiving title of Renshi (instructor) but not Master.
* 1873 AD The Philippines have merged the Spanish fencing with their own Kali and name the new art Arnis, also called Escrima.
* 1873-1877 AD Japan takes steps to outlaw the Samurai arts.
* 1882 AD Birth of Judo, developed by Kano Jigoro (1860-1938), formerly a student of Ju Jutsu.
* 1883-1936 AD Yang Ch’eng Fu, grandson of Yang Lu Ch’an, is credited for smoothing out the Yang Family T’ai Chi system.
* 1888-1953 AD Lifetime of Chojun Miyagi, founder of Goju-Ryu Karate-Jutsu. As a young man he studied various Naha-Te disciplines. After his military service, he travelled to Fukien Province of China and studied Southern Kung Fu. Blending the arts, he developed Goju-Ryu. Several kata in his system can be traced to Fukien Kung Fu.
* 1895 AD Stuart Culin identifies Tae Kyon as a game in the book, Korean Games.
* 1902-1975 Cheng Man-Ch’ing begins study of T’ai Chi with Yang Ch’eng Fu in 1930. After Yang’s death in 1936, Cheng Man-Ch’ing cuts the form up to make it shorter and easier to practice. The Yang Family do not acknowledge his form as a Yang style.
* 1906-1907 Kano Jigoro, founder of Judo, introduces special uniforms and belts to sport martial arts.
* 1910-1945 Japanese Empire rules Korea.
* 1911 Kodokan Black Belt Association is formed.
* 1911-1947 During the reign of Chiang Kai Check, Shaolin and martial arts are outlawed in China.
* 1921 Choi Young-yon describes Tae Kyon in the book, Hae Dong Juk Ji, as a game where two participants try to knock each other over by using their feet..
* 1924 Morihei Ueshiba (1883 – 1969) leaves with Deguchi Onisaburo, the leader of a new religious offshoot of Shinto called Omoto-kyo, in an attempt to start a utopian society in Mongolia. Both ended up in a Chinese prison. After time in Beijing, Ueshiba returned to Japan.
* 1927 The Shaolin Temple is destroyed for the third time in history.
* 1933 Gichin Funakoshi finds another way to write the word karate for the Dai Nippon Budoku Kai. The new translation means, Empty Hand, so as to remove the term China from the original kanji meaning, China Hand.
* 1937 Chojun Miyagi, the Okinawan founder of Goju-Ryu, is recognized as a Master Instructor by the Dai Nippon Budoku Kai.
* 1939-1945 World War II. During this time Japan invades the Philippines. Philippine Guerillas armed with their native weapons fight with the Americans against the Japanese.
* 1942 Morihei Ueshiba has blended Daito-Ryu Aiki-Jutsu with T’ai Chi principles learned in Beijing and registers the name Aikido with the Japanese Ministry of Education. For the next several years he will embed the Shinto religion into his martial art.
* 1943 Choi Hong-hi, a young Korean living in Japan, graduates from Japan’s Chua University.
* 1945 Patrick “Arney” Arnold (1925-2008), of the U.S. Army, begins absorbing the skills he will later compose into his own system of Injo-Ryu Taijutsu.
* 1945 After the Korean Liberation from Japan five students of karate derived from Shotokan go home to Korea to teach what they know: Won Kook Lee, Hwang Kee, Sup Chun Sang, In Yun Pyung, and Yon Kue Pyang. The uniform name, Tang Soo Do is used, which is essentially the Korean word for karate.
* 1948 Imi Lichtenfeld joins the new Israeli Army and begins teaching what become known as Krav Maga.
* 1953 Choi Hong-hi becomes the honorary head of Chun Do Kwan.
* 1954 Edmund Kealoha Parker, Sr. (1931-1990) is attributed to opening the first commercial karate studio in the U.S. He is often called one of, if not the, Father of American Karate. His art began as Hawaiian Karate blended with some Kung Fu movements and became known as American Kenpo.
* 1955 Choi Hong-hi suggests the uniform use of a term he has coined in an attempt to separate Korean Karate from Japanese Karate (at this time there is very little difference, as the Koreans are still using the Japanese kata), Tae Kwon Do. The name Tae Soo Do was adopted instead.
* 1957 AD Hapkido officially gets its name, which in Japanese is translated Aikido. Although the house of Takeda Sokaku denies the premise, the Korean youth, Choi Yong-Sool, lived in Japan during the Korean Occupation and trained in the discipline of Daito-Ryu Aiki-Jutsu. When he returned to Korea he blended various kicking and striking methods into his art, producing what is now the extremely effective art of Hapkido.
* 1960 Professor J Patrick Nelson (legal name will be changed in 1991) is born in a civilian hospital in Stuttgart, Germany. His biological father is Nelson Patton Jeter, a bully and abusive individual in the U.S. Army. His biological mother is at the time under constant psychological care. The child is named, Jr., after the bio-father. The child is extremely small for his entire childhood and grows up with frequent abuse, in and out of the home.
* 1963 The first televised Mixed Martial Art fight takes place between “Judo” Gene LeBell (1932-???), attributed as the Godfather of MMA, and Milo Savage in Salt Lake City, Utah. LeBell wins over the grease-covered Savage with a choke-hold in the 4th round.
* 1965 The name Tae Kwon Do is for the most part universally accepted for the sport version of Korean Martial Arts and the Korean Tae Soo Do Union is changed to Korean Tae Kwon Do Association.
* 1968 In February J. Pat Burleson, Joe Lewis (a boxer turned karate-ka), David Moon, Skipper Mullins, Bob Wall, and Fred Wren fought in the first World Professional Karate Championships, promoted by Jim Harrison, which involved full contact. Lewis won the tournament and was paid $1, becoming the first professional karate champion in history.
* 1969 Shidoshi Patrick Arnold settles on the name Injo-Ryu Taijutsu for his combat art system. Injo is an acronym for Improvisation, Non-detection, Justification, and Orientation with much emphasis on tanbo-jutstu (short stick) and knife/bayonet combat. The style is compared to a blend of Daito-Ryu Aiki-Jutsu, Krav Maga, Sambo and Escrima. Cynical and distrustful of society, he never goes commercial with his style, preferring to teach privately to military personnel or persons with military background. Belts are not issued, only writs of promotion in what he calls the Old School Way. Shihan-Dai (Grand Master, also Soke) Shidoshi, Shichidan is the highest rank.
* 1971 Professor Nelson at this time lives in Grovetown, GA, just outside of Gate 5, Fort Gordon where his biological father is stationed. It is a time of bussing at schools and the child attends school in the evenings. He is befriended by a Special Forces Soldier who takes him under wing in a Big-Brother-type relationship. The boy only knows him as Dave, and his training partner as “Sarge,” but is introduced to Ryu-Kyu Karate-Jutsu and Judo.
* 1971 Han Bong-soo (1933-2007), arguably the finest Hapkido practioner to date, and recognized as Father of American Hapkido, doubles for Tom Laughlin in the movie Billy Jack, demonstrating some of the best fight sequences ever to cross the silver screen.
* 1972 Chuck Norris receives his breakthrough movie part as Bruce Lee’s nemesis in Way of the Dragon.
* 1975 Frank Dux founds Dux-Ryu Ninjutsu.
* November 12, 1976 Professor Nelson is recognized as Shodan of Bushin Jiu Jitsu by Ronnal Stanley.
* 1977 Professor Dan Anderson is first to use the name American Freestyle Karate to represent his art.
* 1978 A commercial form of ninjutsu featuring black outfits and ninja swords like the movies, Bunjinkan, is founded by Masaaki Hatsumi.
* 1978 Professor Nelson is inducted into the International Thespian Society (an acting organization), Troupe 1441.
* 1978-1979 Professor Nelson graduates Johnson County High School in Mountain City, TN and goes to upstate New York to attend Word of Life Bible Institute.
* July 14, 1979 Professor Nelson is recognized as Nidan of Bushin Jiu Jitsu by Ronnal Stanley.
* 1980 Professor Nelson begins training with Shidoshi Arnold and is recognized as Sandan on December 5, 1981, and gains title of Sensei on March 6, 1982.
* 1982-1984 Professor Nelson enters active duty with the U.S. Army. He is not under military contract, but trains several military and law enforcement personnel in hand-to-hand combat.
* 1983-1992 Professor Nelson begins fighting under the name Jann Patrick for the Injo-Ryu Kai Shoot-fighting Association, winning the Association Title in Quebec City, Quebec on December 21, 1986. Defending the title in 23 meets, he won all of 108 fights, retiring in 1992 as undefeated champion. During this time he cross-trains with many different individuals from many different styles including Choy Li Fut, Shorin-Ryu, Goju-Ryu, Sambo, Wing Chun, Krav Maga, Cheng Man-Ch’ing and Yang Family T’ai Chi.
* 1980’s Brazilian Jiu Jitsu makes a presence known in the U.S. as the Gracie Family constantly challenges people to fights. The catch is, "The challenged individuals must also agree to fight on the Gracie Family’s terms." Of significant note: Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a sport derived from Kodokan Judo, not Ju Jutsu, and specializes in wrestling on the back … which is why wins by pin are not allowed (as they are in Judo) and must be by submission or knockout.
* 1985 Ching Sai Do and Black Belts of the Faith are founded by Rod Crowder (???-1995).
* 1989 Professor Nelson meets Beijing-trained Charlie Ray Brown of Johnson City, TN and continues training in T’ai Chi and Kung Fu. Professor Nelson was awarded Sifu of Yang T’ai Chi Ch’uan in Feburary 1992, and Sifu of Twelve Tigers Kung Fu in March of 1993.
* September 26, 1989 In Boone, NC, where Professor Nelson lived at the time, a young lady named Jeni Gray was brutally raped and murdered. By request, Professor Nelson ran a lady’s self defense class, two nights a week until moving from Boone in 1992.
* 1990 Chuck Norris is first Westerner in documented Tae Kwon Do history to be awarded their highest rank, 8th Degree Black Belt. In this year he founded the KickStart Program for kids as well as the United Fighting Arts Federation.
* 1991 Desert Storm.
* December 1991 After his biological father attempts identity fraud with a loan (remember the Jr. and Sr. name relationship) Professor Nelson has his name legally changed to Joshua Patrick Nelson.
* February 2, 1992 Professor Nelson is awarded Godan Shidoshi of Injo-Ryu Taijutsu and named successor to the system.
* 1992 Herb Perez beats the Koreans at their own game as he wins the Olympic Gold Medal in Tae Kwon Do.
* 1993 Chuck Norris begins the eight-year long television hit, Walker, Texas Ranger.
* 1993 Birth of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) as a competitive spectator sport.
* 1994 In an issue of Black Belt magazine Royce Gracie challenges World Kick-Boxing Champion Benny the Jet Urquidez to fight in UFC … of course … The Jet is required to fight under Gracie’s rules. The fight does not happen. Gracie was badly beaten by Kimo Leopoldo in UFC III on September 9 of that year.
* 1995 In light of Gracies boasts of “Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is the best fighting art there is …” comments in the March issue of Black Belt magazine highlight the style is fine in the ring one-on-one, but would never work on the street. Yet it is interesting how many modern karate clubs offer BJJ as self defense classes ...
* April 21, 1997 Professor Nelson is awarded 5th Degree Black Belt of American Freestyle Karate. In this year, Professor Nelson is also certified as founder of his own American Martial Art System.
* 1998 Chinese Wushu Asociation, Chinese Wushu Research, and National Sport Commission agree to a nine-level ranking structure for Chinese Martial Arts. Previously there has not been a recognized ranking structure for Kung Fu.
* 2000-2002 Professor Nelson is contracted by and originates the teaching of T’ai Chi in the Hickory, NC YMCA where he teaches three nights a week.
* 2001 Chuck Norris receives the Veteran of the Year award by the U.S. Air force.
* 9.11.2001 Attacks by al-Qaeda against the World Trade Center and Pentagon.
* 2002 Professor Nelson receives full Soke-ship & System Founder’s title of Kuhasu (Japanese for Nine Lotus) Kempo-Jutsu and Jiu Ling T’ai Chi Gong.
* 2003 Professor Nelson separates from his public job and opens the first truly fulltime martial arts studio in the Hickory, NC area.
* 2004 Because American students have such a challenge pronouncing the name Kuhasu correctly, Professor Nelson changes the name to Kizoku-Ryu Combat Kempo. Kizoku is the Japanese translation for his name, Patrick, and is pronounced as spelled. Kizoku-Ryu is interpreted into English as Discipline (or art) of Patrick.
* 2005 Chuck Norris founded the World Combat League, a full-contact, team-based martial art competition of which part of the proceeds go to the KickStart program.
* 3.17.2008 Professor Nelson is awarded Menkyo Kaiden and title of Hanshi by Shidoshi Arnold and Injo-Ryu Kai Bugei Federation.
* 2008-2010 Professor Nelson is sought for and enters agreement with Newton Health & Science High School for two-year contract to teach T’ai Chi as P.E. Professor Nelson is first to do this in the state of North Carolina. The endeavor earns an article in the Associated Press, 2009.
* 2013 Professor Nelson receives Judan (10 th Degree Black Belt) by Injo-Ryu Kai Bugei Federation.
* 2014 “Call of the Wolf,” Book 1 of the Kohrinju Tai Fantasy Series by J P Nelson is released at Amazon.com on Kindle and Paperback.
* 6.6.2015 “Winds of Torsham,” Book 2 of the Kohrinju Tai Fantasy Series by J P Nelson is released at Amazon.com on Kindle and Paperback.
* 6.21.2015 “Counter, Catch, Carry,” Book 1 of a series of Practical Self Defense Manuals is released at Amazon.com on Kindle and Paperback.
* 3.19.2016 “T'ai Chi: The Handbook of Jiu Ling Gong,” an illustrated manual of t'ai chi by Professor Nelson is released at Amazon.com on Kindle and Paperback.
* Autumn 2016 “Orucean's Edge,” Book 3 of the Kohrinju Tai Fantasy Series by J P Nelson is due to be released at Amazon.com on Kindle and Paperback.